Prebiotics, Probiotics and Postbiotics: What’s the Difference?
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The Vet's Corner

Prebiotics, Probiotics and Postbiotics: What’s the Difference?

by Tiffany Ruiz Dasilva

When it comes to our precious fur babies, their health and happiness are always on our mind. While providing them with a balanced diet and ample exercise is essential, there's a hidden world within your dog's digestive system that can greatly impact their overall well-being.

Enter the trio of gut health superheroes: prebiotics, probiotics, and postbiotics. These three components play intricate roles in maintaining a healthy gut and a thriving furry friend. In this blog, we'll embark on a journey through the fascinating realm of prebiotics, probiotics, and postbiotics, exploring their individual contributions and collective synergy in ensuring your dog's optimal health.

Understanding the Gastrointestinal Microbiome

Before diving into this trio of “-biotics” it is important to first understand the gastrointestinal microbiome. The gastrointestinal microbiome is the diverse and complex community of microorganisms that inhabit the digestive tract of humans and dogs alike. These microorganisms include bacteria, viruses, and fungi.

Just as every dog is unique, so too is their microbiome composition, which is influenced by factors like genetics, diet, environment, and medical history. A balanced and thriving microbiome is essential for a dog's overall health, supporting not only their digestive system but also their immune function, metabolism, and even behavior.

Dysbiosis: When Imbalance Occurs

When there is an imbalance or disturbance of the microbiome that shifts it away from its healthy state, this is known as dysbiosis. In upsetting the balance of good bacteria, harmful bacteria overgrow.

Dysbiosis can have various negative effects on a dog’s health as the GI tract is not able to repair itself, absorb and digest normally, or have a positive impact on immune function. It can lead to diarrhea, chronic enteropathies, immune system dysfunction, behavioral changes and inflammation of other organ systems.

The main causes of dysbiosis include inflammation of the GI tract, stress, dysmotility, maldigestion, antibiotics, infections and disease. Regardless of the cause, it is important to address dysbiosis. How do we do this? Well, this is where prebiotics and probiotics come in.

Prebiotics: The Fuel

Most of us have heard of probiotics, but what are prebiotics? Prebiotics are the unsung heroes of your dog's gut health. These fermentable soluble fibers act as fuel for beneficial gut bacteria, helping them thrive and multiply. Essentially, prebiotics create an environment in which good bacteria can flourish, promoting a balanced gut microbiome. Because prebiotics perpetuate the lifespan of good bacteria, their effects are more long lasting than probiotics.

Fiber cannot be broken down by mammalian enzymes, and instead is broken down by microbial enzymes, providing a food source for the bacteria in the large intestine. Upon fermentation of the fiber, these bacteria produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) that nourish intestinal cells, help maintain the normal intestinal electrolyte fluid balance and intestinal motility, ameliorate intestinal inflammation, and prevent the overgrowth of pathogenic bacteria.

Prebiotics are generally added to a diet formulation or given via supplementation. Common sources of prebiotics include pectin, fructooligosaccharide (FOS), inulin, chicory, beet pulp, and flaxseed. Choosing a dog food that contains prebiotics is essential to optimal gut health for your canine companion.

At Wild Earth we understand the importance of feeding your dog’s beneficial gut bacteria which is why our Performance formula contains FOS, inulin from chicory root, and flaxseed, providing your dog’s microbiome with all the fuel it needs!

Probiotics: The Gut’s Best Buddies

Probiotics are the well-known rock stars of gut health, and for good reason. These live “good” microorganisms restore bacteria to the gut which can help crowd out harmful pathogens and confer similar benefits to a healthy microbiome. They do not colonize the gut, however, so once you stop giving them there is not much of an extended effect which is why it is recommended to give probiotics more long-term.

These microorganisms can play a role in alleviating digestive issues, reducing inflammation, and boosting immune function. Most often, the best way to get these in the gut is via supplements as it is difficult for them to survive in kibble diets.

Postbiotics: The End-Products

While prebiotics and probiotics steal much of the spotlight, postbiotics quietly work behind the scenes to support your dog's well-being. Postbiotics are the byproducts of the fermentation process that occurs when probiotics interact with prebiotics in the gut. These metabolic products include short-chain fatty acids, enzymes, vitamins, and other compounds that contribute to a healthier digestive environment.

Postbiotics play a role in maintaining the integrity of the intestinal lining, regulating inflammation, and supporting immune responses. Essentially, they are the positive aftermath of a flourishing gut microbiome.

Synbiotics: Prebiotics Plus Probiotics

While prebiotics and probiotics work well alone, their true power is unveiled when they work together in harmony. By introducing prebiotics to nourish good bacteria, incorporating probiotics to populate the gut with beneficial microorganisms, and fostering the production of postbiotics, you can create a balanced and resilient gut ecosystem for your dog.

Wild Earth’s Immunity and Digestion Supplements will do just that! Our supplements were vet-developed to include the right combination of prebiotics and probiotics to support your dog’s overall health. After all, a well-maintained gut microbiome can translate to improved digestion, enhanced nutrient absorption, strengthened immune defenses, and even a happier, healthier furry companion.

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A Happy Gut = A Happy Dog

As pet parents we constantly seek ways to enhance the lives of our fur babies. The realm of gut health opens up a world of possibilities for achieving this goal. By understanding the significance of prebiotics, probiotics, and postbiotics, you're equipped with the knowledge to make informed decisions about your dog's diet and overall care.

Whether you're introducing a new pup to your family or nurturing a senior companion, remember that a healthy gut is the foundation of their well-being, and the symbiotic dance of prebiotics, probiotics, and postbiotics is your secret weapon in ensuring their health journey is a vibrant and thriving one.

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