According to the American Pet Products Association, there are close to 90 million dogs owned in the United States.
If you just got a puppy, then you're probably overwhelmed with joy and excitement over your new furry friend. But, you're also probably worried about one major issue: potty training your new pup.
Potty training a new dog is an extensive process. But, it's important that you potty train your dog early so they don't develop bad habits.
Check out this guide to learn everything you need to know about dog potty training.
How to Train a Puppy to Pee Outside
Ideally, you'll have a yard or a large space outside in which your puppy can pee. Here's what you need to do:
Teach Your Puppy the Potty Cue
First things first, you need to train your puppy to signal to you when they need to be let outside. To teach your puppy the potty cue, have them sit by the back door. Then, when your puppy barks, open the door and let them out.
If you'd rather not train your puppy to bark, place a bell by the door that they can ring. Once your puppy rings the bell, take them outside. Also, keep in mind that the potty cue is just for going potty. If you allow your puppy to spend too much time playing outside, they'll start to associate the bell or bark with playtime.
Also, if you ever need to change the cue because your puppy is barking too much, you can teach them a new cue like sitting by the door.
Determine a Set Potty Spot
Once your puppy signals the potty cue, put them on a leash and walk them over to the designated spot in which you'd like them to pee. Wait in this spot as your pet relieves themselves, and reward them with verbal praise and treats.
This way, they'll see peeing outside as a positive experience.
Also, when you're not at home, confine them to an area using a crate. This will help limit the number of accidents while you're away.
Using the Indoor/Outdoor Method
If you don't have a yard, then it may be best to start the potty training indoors before moving it outdoors. To do this, you'll need to train your puppy to pee on a mat or in a crate.
Pad Potty Training
Let's start with the pad potty training method.
To start, determine a confined area to begin the house training, such as the laundry room or bathroom. Whichever area you decide, make sure you choose one that's easy to clean in case of accidents. Also, make sure to puppy-proof the area by removing any harmful products. Next, set up the space by covering the area in pee pads and placing your puppy's bed in the corner of the room.
Now, to get your puppy to pee in this space, change the pee pads frequently but place a small section of the soiled pad on top of the clean pad. This way, your puppy will pick up on the scent and be reminded that this is their bathroom space.
Once your puppy starts peeing in the same area, start removing the pads closest to their bed. Then, continue removing the pads until you have just one or two clean ones left. Once your puppy is consistently successful using just one or two pads, you can gradually start to re-expand the area they have access to. If accidents occur, then reduce the area.
Once you're ready to train your dog to pee outside, you can switch to the potty training cue method.
Crate Potty Training
Before you crate potty train your pet, you need to make sure you have the right size crate. It's important to keep in mind that puppies only need enough room in their crates to stand up, turn around, and lie down. Any more room than this will encourage your puppy to relieve themselves in the corner of the crate.
You may even want to consider investing in a crate with dividers, as this allows you to adjust the size of the crate as your puppy grows.
Then, to get your puppy comfortable with the crate, toss a treat inside of it and allow them to retrieve it and come back out. Each time your puppy enters the crate, give them praise. As your puppy gets used to the crate, slowly increase the amount of time they spend inside there. When your puppy starts to associate the crate with their living space, you can begin the crate potty training.
Instead of your puppy soiling their crate, they'll let you know when they need to be let outside.
Ahh, the great outdoors! The best place to go potty!
Dealing With Accidents
So, what do you do when your puppy has an accident?
No matter how well you train your puppy, accidents happen. To get things back on track, it's important to figure out the source of the accident and to reinforce positive behavior. So, keep an eye out for what stresses your pet and what triggers their accidents.
To limit accidents, make sure you keep your puppy on a consistent schedule. If you're going out for a long time, take your puppy on a long walk so they have plenty of opportunities to relieve their bladder beforehand. When accidents happen, here's what you should do:
- If you find your puppy in the act, interrupt them
- Make a startling noise (but be careful not to scare them) and say "outside" in a loud voice
- If your puppy finishes peeing outside, praise them and give them a treat
Also, if your puppy doesn't pee in the house, don't punish them. This is because if the area is already soiled, it's too late to make a correction. Punishment will often do more harm than good, so just clean up the mess and move on.
Also, to clean up accidents, make sure to invest in a quality stain remover and odor remover.
Other Tips for Potty Training Your Pup
To potty train your pup successfully, here are some other tips you should keep in mind:
Establish a Routine
Just like babies, puppies do best when they're on a regular schedule. Typically, a puppy can control their bladder for every one month of their age. So, a three-month-old puppy can control their bladder for about three hours.
Here are some things you can do to establish a routine:
- Take your puppy outside frequently- after eating and drinking, during and after play, and right after they wake up
- Pick a word or phrase that reminds your puppy that they're outside to use the bathroom when you take them out
- Put your puppy on a regular feeding schedule- generally, puppies need to be fed three to four times per day
- Pick up your puppy's dish about 2.5 hours prior to bedtime to reduce the chance of them needing to go in the middle of the night
Supervise Your Puppy
To prevent accidents, make sure you keep your eye on your puppy as much as possible. If you're not actively training or playing with your puppy, we suggest keeping them on a long leash that's tethered to your body or a piece of furniture.
Make sure you keep an eye out for signs that your puppy needs to go out, such as barking, squatting, scratching at the door, sniffing around, circling, or restlessness.
Make Plans for When You're Away
The last thing you want is for a little time away to completely disrupt your puppy's potty training schedule. With that in mind, if you need to be away for more than five hours a day, it may not be the best time for you to get a puppy. Instead, you may want to consider adopting an older dog who can wait to go outside until you return.
But, if you already have a puppy and need to be away for long periods of time, here's what you'll need to do:
- Arrange for someone who's responsible to take your pup outside for bathroom breaks
- Alternatively, you could use one of the indoor training tips above
Then, when you get home, resume your puppy's regular training schedule.
Dog Potty Training: Wrap Up
Now that you've read this dog potty training guide, it's time to put these tips into action. Before you know it, your puppy will be fully potty trained. But, keep in mind that it takes time to potty train a puppy, so be patient.
If you have any questions about potty training your pup, comment below. Also, keep in mind that raising a healthy puppy also has a lot to do with what you feed them. Check out this guide to learn all about the clean pet food revolution.
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